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40 Different Types of Fish Species In World and Their Facts

Take a look at some of the list of types of fishes that are pretty common around the world. They are all unique yet share the beauty of being one. Take a look at some of the list of types of fishes that are pretty common around the world. They are all unique yet share the beauty of being one.

Some of the wide varieties of fishes which are available in the world are as followed:


1. Siamese Fighting Fish:



Scientific Name:

The scientific name of Siamese fighting fish is known as betta splendens.

Family and History:

This fish is classified under the classification of betta. It is an aquarium fish. It belongs to a family of the Gourami family. Other names of this fish are pla-kad and trey krem. They can mingle with other fish. The body length of the fish is seven centimetres and it appears in colours of red, green, opaque, albino, orange, yellow and blue, etc.

Lifespan:

The Lifespan of this fish is about 2 years only. Water temperature must be around 23 degrees– 27 degrees.


2. Common Carp:



Scientific Name:

The scientific name of common carp is Cyprinus Carpio. This kind of fish is found in a flaming gorge reservoir, Lake Mohave, Aral Sea, and more places.

Family and History:

It is classified under Cyprinus. The body mass of this fish is about 2-14 kilograms. These are grown in freshwater lakes. Mostly found in water bodies in Asia and Europe. They can tolerate low oxygen levels.

These are omnivorous. It can lay up to 300,000 eggs in a single spawn. This fish is taken as food by humans all over the world.

Lifespan:

The lifespan of common carp is until 47 years.


3. Goldfish:




Scientific Name:

The scientific name of goldfish is Carassius auratus. It is classified under the higher classification of Carassius. It is mostly found in Utah Lake.

Family and History:

It is an aquarium fish. This fish native is in East Asia. It was domesticated in China and later breeds have developed. Size of this fish is 19 inches.

Goldfish has an ability of strong learning, social learning skills. Goldfishes are gregarious. They feed on insects and plants. Goldfish eggs hatch within 48-72 hours.

Lifespan:

The lifespan of goldfish is about 30 years. Haven’t we all seen one?




Scientific Name:

The scientific name of Oscar is Astronotusoscellatus. It is classified under the higher classification of Astronotus. Other names of Oscar are tiger Oscar, marble cichlid and velvet cichlid.

Family and History:

These species are found in South America, Australia, the United States and China. It is seen as aquarium fish. The body length of Oscar is about 36cm and the mass of the body is 1.4 kg. They grow quickly and are carnivores.

Lifespan:

These have territorial behavior. The lifespan of this fish is about 10-13 years.


5. Wels Catfish:



Scientific Name:

The scientific name of Wells catfish is Silurusglanis. It is classified under the classification of Silurus. It is also called as sheatfish.

Family and History:

This fish is mostly found in Lake Constance. These also found in basins of Baltic, black and Caspian Sea. Size of this fish is about 13 ft that is of 4m. Maximum weight is about 400kg. These are mostly found in freshwater places. They feed on other animals which live in water bodies.

Use:

These are taken as food by humans. It is rich in proteins and nutrients.

Lifespan:

Lifespan of this fish is about 60 years.


6. Zander:


Scientific Name:

The scientific name of Zander is Sander lucioperca.

Family and History:

This fish is classified under the classification of Sander. It is mostly found in the Aral Sea and Lake Constance. It is also called as pike-perch. Species of Zander fish from freshwater and brackish habitats in western Eurasia.

Use:

It is eaten by humans and is rich in nutrients. Mass of the body is 20 kilograms. These fishes can be hybrid.

Lifespan:

The lifespan of this kind of fish is usually very less.


7. European Seabass:



Scientific Name:

The scientific name of European seabass is Dicentrarchuslabrax.

Family and History:

It is classified under the higher classification of Dicentrarchus. These are primarily ocean-going fish. These are seen in brackish and fresh waters as well. It is also known as sea dance. These are marketed by loup de mer, robalo, spigola, brinzino, Mediterranean seabass and Branzino. It is regarded as table fish. It is mostly night hunter and feeds on small fish like crustaceans, cephalopods and polychaetes.

Lifespan:

It has a lifespan of about 25 years.


8. Northern Pike:


Scientific Name:

It is known simply as a pike in Britain, Canada, Ireland and some parts of the United States.

Family and History:

This fish is classified under the classification Esox. It is considered as a symbol of North Dakota. It is founded in Fort Peck Lake, Lake George, and Lake of the Woods and many more. They feed on big prey of animals that live in water bodies.

Lifespan:

Lifespan of this fish is about seven years in the wild.


9. Sword Fish:


Scientific Name:

The scientific name of swordfish is Xiphias gladius.

Family and History:

It is classified under the higher classification of Xiphias; Swordfish are well known as broadbills in some of the countries. These migrate from one place to another and are mostly found in tropical and temperate parts of Indian Oceans, Pacific Ocean and the Atlantic Ocean. They are found under the depth of 550m. They reach a length 9.8 ft and mass of 650-kilo grams. It is called as swordfish because it has a sword-like spear to kill prey and make it is easier to eat. These are vigorous fighters.

Use and Lifespan:

It is hunted by humans and taken as food and lives for about nine years.


10. Tench:


Scientific Name:

The scientific name of Tench is Tincatinca. Tench is called Schlei in Germany. This fish is classified under a higher classification of Tinca. It is mostly found in Lake Constance and Lake Garda. It is found majorly in fresh and brackish water only.

Family and History:

It is a family member of cyprinid. Its family is mostly seen in Eurasia and Western Europe. It is even found in Lake Baikal. These are the best resources for the recopies for humans. It is used for a better economy.

Lifespan:

It lives up to 15 years and can live for 30 years in captivity.


11. Atlantic Cod:


Scientific Name:

The scientific name of Atlantic cod is Gadusmorhua. It is well known as benthopelagic. It is classified under the classification Gadus.

Family and History:

It is a family member of Gadidae. This fish is widely found in Bay of Biscay, north of Arctic Ocean, North Sea and Baltic Sea etc. and It can grow up to 2 meters in length and mass of the body is 96 kilograms.

Use and Lifespan:

It is widely consumed by humans. Commercially it is called as codling or cod. The lifespan of cod is about 25 years. It attains sexual maturity in between the ages of two and four. Their colour will vary from brown to green.


12. Atlantic Mackerel:


Scientific Name:

The scientific name of Atlantic mackerel is Scomberscombrus. It is classified under the classification of scomber.

Family and History:

These are found on both sides of the North Atlantic Ocean. Species of Atlantic mackerel are called as mackerel or Boston mackerel. Almost ten species of a family were caught in British waters. This fish migrates towards the coast for a feed of small fishes and prawns in summer. It forms large schools near the surface of cold and temperate shelf areas. They move to shore when water temperatures range between 11-14 degrees.

Lifespan and Use:

The lifespan of mackerel is about 20 years. It will become the best food for humans.


13. Common Bream:


Scientific Name:

The scientific name of the Common bream is Abramisbrama. It is widely known as carp bream, bronze bream, freshwater bream and Abramis bream.

Family and History:

This is classified under the classification of Abramis. It belongs to a family of Cyprinidae. It is found in Aral lake and Lake Constance. The length of bream is about 30-55cm and mass is about 2- 4 kg. Recorded length is 0cm and weight is 9.1 kg. It is an omnivore. It eats larvae and plankton of the sea. Generally, they spawn in April to June.

Use and Lifespan:

This kind of fish is used for both purposes of sport and commercial purposes and lives for about 29 years.


14. Basa Fish:


Scientific Name:

The scientific name of the basa fish is Pangasiusbacourti. It is classified under the classification of Pangasius.

Family and History:

This is the species of catfish. It belongs to a family of Pangasildae. The native of basa is at Chao Phraya and Mekong basins in Indonesia. These are labelled in Australia and North America as basa, panga, swai and bocorti etc. The body of basa fish will be heavy and stout. Length of the body is 120 centimetres. They feed on plants. They spawn on the flood season in June which has an average of 5 cm.

Use and Lifespan:

It used as frozen food in some countries. They are rich in proteins and is a river fish and have a long lifespan, which is yet to be determined.


15. European Fish:


Scientific Name:

The scientific name of European fish is Percafluviatilis. It is known as redfin perch, English perch, and perch. It is classified under the higher classification of Perch.

Family and History:

These are seen in northern Asia and Europe. The body length of the fish will be 60cm and weight will be of 2.8 kg. Perch spawn deposits egg at the end of the month April and beginning of May on water plants. Eggs are migrated through birds to other waters as eggs stick to the bird’s legs.

Lifespan:

These are mostly the aquarium fishes and live for over 22 years.



16. Rainbow Trout:

Scientific Name:

The scientific name of this type of fish is rainbow trout is Oncorhynchus mykiss. It is classified under the classification of Oncorhynchus.

Family and History:

These are species of salmonid. It is represented as symbol Washington. It is found Flaming Gorge Reservoir, Watauga Lake, and Lake Mohave and many more. They live in oceans for two –three year and move to spawns. Spawns of these fishes are called as steel head. Maximum mass of a body is about 9 kg.

Use and Lifespan:

It is introduced as food and sport for almost 45 countries in the world. Their lifespan is usually about 11years and is one of the healthiest food to include in your diet.


17. Ocean Sun Fish:


Scientific Name:

The scientific name of Ocean sunfish is Mola mola. It is classified under the classification of mola.

Family and History:

It is the heaviest bony fish in the world. Sunfish diet consists of mainly Jellyfish; the reason is it is nutritionally poor. These will become food for predators like a sea lion, killer fishes etc. These are native to tropic waters and temperate to every ocean in the world. They swim up to 26 km per day.

Use and Lifespan:

Yummy dishes can be made out of sunfish and they, usually live for about 10 years in captivity, while their lifespan in their natural habitat is not known.


18. Blob Fish:


Scientific Name:

Scientific name of blobfish is Psychroulutesmarcidus.

Family and History:

The fish is classified under the classification of Pdychrolutes and is a deep-sea fish. It is a family member of Psychroulutidae. It is found in the seawater of Australia, New Zealand and Tasmania. Length of blobfish is typically shorter than 30 cm. They live in depths between 600 to 1200 m. It feeds on crustaceans.

Lifespan:

Their lifespan is not determined.



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